- Imam Abu Hanifa رحمة الله عليه
N u’man ibn Thabit was born in the city of Kufa in the year 80 A.H. (699 A.D.) (according to another narration 70 A.H.). He is better known by his appellation, Imam al-Adham (The Greatest Imam), or his byname Abu Hanifah. He is known to be one of the greatest minds the Islamic world has ever known. One of the 4 canonical schools of Islamic law, the Hanifah madhab, bears his name. The Imam lived in the time of the Successors of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah. He saw several of the companions such as, Anas ibn Malik, Abdullah ibn Afwa and Sahl ibn Sa’ad, this made him in the ranks of the Successors.
Imam Abu Hanifah’s father, Thabit, was a successful merchant.The young Nu’man, was following along in his father’s footsteps. He had a very sharp and penetrating intellect … read more
- Imam Malik ibn Anas رحمة الله عليه
I mam Malik was born in 93 A.H.in the city of Madinah. His family was originally from Yemen, but his grandfather had moved to Madinah during the reign of Umar ibn al-Khattab. Both his father and grandfather had studied religious sciences under the Companions of the Prophet who still lived in Madinah, and thus young Malik was raised in an environment that was based on Islamic scholarship, learning from his father and uncle.After an immense amount of study that extended into his 20s and 30s, Imam Malik became known as the most learned man in Madinah at his time.He became a teacher, attracting a huge number of students to lectures, which he held in the mosque of the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم. Students flocked to his lectures from all corners of the Muslim world. Among his more notable students were Abu Yusuf, Muhammad al-Shaybani, and Imam al-Shafi’i.
The most unique aspect of Imam Malik’s methodology in fiqh was his reliance on the practices of the people of Madinah as a source of law.In the study of fiqh, there are numerous sources that are used to derive laws … read more
- Imam al-Shafi`i رحمة الله عليه
H is full name is, Muhammad ibn Idris ibn al-`Abbas, better known as Imam al-Shafi`i. He was born in Gaza, in 150 A.H., the year of Imam Abu Hanifa’s death, and moved to Mecca at the age of two, following his father’s death, where he grew up. He was early a skillful archer, then he took to learning language and poetry until he gave himself to fiqh, beginning with hadith. He memorized the Qur’an at age seven, then Malik’s Muwatta’ by the age of thirteen. Al-Nawawi listed three peculiar merits of al-Shafi`i: his sharing the Prophet’s lineage at the level of their common ancestor `Abd Manaf;his birth in the Holy Land of Palestine and upbringing in Mecca; and his education at the hands of superlative scholars together with his own superlative intelligence and knowledge of the Arabic language.
Imam Malik ibn Anas and Imama Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani were among his most prominent teachers. Al-Shafi`i said: “From Muhammad ibn al-Hasan I wrote a camel-load.” … read more
- Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal رحمة الله عليه
H is name is Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal. He was born in 164 A.H. in Baghdad. His father was a soldier and died at a young age. Imam Ahmad grew up in an environment of learning and was a student of knowledge from a young age.He was chiefly interested in acquiring knowledge of hadith and traveled extensively through Iraq, Syria, Arabia and other places in the Middle East studying religion and collecting the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. His travels occupied several years of his early life.
He is one the most famous students of Imam al-Shafi’i.And the Imam said of his student, ‘I left Baghdad and did not leave behind me anyone more virtuous, more learned, more knowledgeable than Ahmad ibn Hanbal.’”Here are some other statements of his contemporaries about him … read more
- Imam Abu Yusuf رحمة الله عليه
He is Ya’qub Ibn Ibrahim Al Anshari. He was born on year 113 A.H. Abu Yusuf started to study sciences since he was a small boy under the tutelage of Ibn Abi Layla, then he moved to learn sciences from Abu Hanifah.He learned sciences from Imam Abu Hanifah for a very long time. Abu Yusuf said,
“I learned sciences from Abu Hanifah for seventeen years. I never absent from his lesson, whether it was Eid al Fitr or eid al Adha, unless I was sick.”Among his teachers were Abu Hanifah, Ibn Abi Layla, Al-A’masy, Ibn Ishaq, Ats-Tsauri, and many other scholars. He had senior students, among them was Muhammad Ibn Hasan Asy Syaibani. He was once an appointed judge for several periods of caliphate of Bani Abbasiya. He was the first one to be dubbed as ““Qadhi Qudhat” (Judge of the judges).Abu Yusuf was known as prominent Islamic figure who had expertise in jurisprudence, Qur’an interpretation, etc. Hilal Ibn Yahya said, “Abu Yusuf memorized the tafseer, history of battles, history of Arabs, and he was an expert of jurisprudence. Beside that, he was also considered as an expert of hadith.” Yahya Ibn Ma’in said, “I’ve never seen any of the logicians who was stronger and more valid in the field of hadith than the narration of Abu Yusuf.”He died on year 182 H. He had several writings, and the famous among those writings was the book “Al Kharaj”.
- Imam ibn Abidin Shami رحمة الله عليه
Muhammad Amin Ibn Abidin ash-shami (1198–1252 AH / 1784–1836 AD) also known as Allama ash-shami was a prominent Islamic scholar and Jurist who lived in the city of Damascus in Syria during the Ottoman era. He was the authority of the fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) of the Hanafi madhhab (school of law). He was entitled as Amin al-fatwa, which meant that he was the mufti that people would go to when they had legal questions in Syria. He composed over 50 works consisting of a major fatwa (legal statement) collection, many treatises, poems, and several commentaries on the works of others. His most famous work was the Radd al-Muhtar ala Ad-Durr al-Mukhtar.
This is still considered the authoritative text of Hanafi fiqh today. Imam Ibn Abidin was born in Damascus in 1784. His family came from a long line of scholars and was, therefore, well respected. He studied the Qur’an starting at a very young age and received his first general degree of authorization when he was about 12 years old. He was said to have memorized the Qur’an before he reached maturity. He was a very determined student. After reciting the Qur’an at his father’s shop and receiving criticism for it, he sought to perfect his work and studied vigorously under several well-known scholars specially Shaykh Saeed Al-Hamawi. After much hard work, he received … read more
- Imam Quduri رحمة الله عليه
Shaykh Abul-Husayn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Ja’far ibn Hamdan al-Quduri al-Baghdadi, was born in Baghdad in 362 AH/ 973 CE. He is generally referred to as al_quduri, an ascription derived either from the selling of pots, or to his hometown, called Qudurah. Upon his death, he was buried in his own house, but was later buried next to the grave of the Hanafi jurist, Abu Bakr al-Khwarizmi. Imam Al-Quduri was in the fifth of seven grades of distinguished jurists in the Hanafi madhhab, which is known as the ashab at-tarjih, indicating his authority amongst legal scholars and jurists. His academic prominence and proficiency in legal matters established him as the supreme representative of Hanafi scholarship and law in Iraq. In terms of Hadith narration, he has been referred to as one who is truthful by many prominent scholars.
He authored several books including:
At-tajreed, in seven vloumes, discussing the issues of contention between Hanafi and Shafaee scholars.
Kitab at-Taqreeb: compilation of issues with their evidences.
Sharh Mukhtasar al-Karkhi: commentry on the compendium by Imam al-Karkhi.
Sharh-Adab al-Qadi: commentry on the book on the Islamic legal system, by Imam Ahmad Abu Bakr al-Khassaf.
Mukhtasar-al-Quduri: the compendium of fiqh based on Hanafi principles of jurisprudence and legal methodology, also known as al-Kitab, which bears him name.
He died on Sunday, 5th Rajab, 428 AH/ 1037 CE aged 66.
- Imam Qadi Khan رحمة الله عليه
Imam Fakhruddin Hasan Bin Mansoor al-Uzjandi al-Farghani, commonly known as Qazee Khan, was a Hanafi Jurist & Scholar. He was compiler of a large number of essential juristic works and commentaries of Hanafi Fiqh. He belonged to Uzjand a town in suburb of Asfahan near Farghana. He learned from Imam Zahiruddin Al-Hasan Bin Ali Al-Marghinani, and Imam Burhanuddin Al-Kabeer.
Imam Qasim bin Qatloobagha writes in Tasheeh-Al-Qudoori:
“What verified by Qadi Khan is preferred upon what verified by any one else because he is Faqeeh-al-Nafs” (Jurist in Nature).
His work The Fatawa-Qazee Khan is one of the best collection of fatawas of the Hanafi School of thought. It consists of four volumes generally printed in two volumes, containing all chapters of Islamic Jurisprudence. This work is mostly based on Fatawa, which has been a big source of making juristic decisions among the great jurists of all periods. Rather at the time of difference of opinion among jurist regarding any issue Fatawa Qadee Khan plays a big role in drawing final position.
Hardly any Dar-al-Ifta had been or will be without this book. Though this book is known as book of Fatawa as it is apparent by its name, but this books is regarded as bearing higher status according to Fuqaha like Shurooh (commentary of Hanafi Mad’hab).
Imam Qazee Khan passed away in 15th night of Ramadan, 592 AH.
- Imam Burhanuddin Marghinani رحمة الله عليه
Imam Burhan al-Din Al-Farghani Al-Marghinani was a great Islamic scholar of the Hanafi school. He was born at Marghinan in the vicinity of Farghana on Monday 8th Rajab in 511/1135 in Marghinan (in Present Day Uzbekistan) His full name was Burhan al-Din Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Abi Bakr ibn Abd al-jalil ibn al-Khalil ibn Abi Bakr al-farghani al-Rushdani al-Marghanini. He is described as the Shayk al-Islam, Imam, Hafidh, Muhaddith,and the leading jurist of his time, the master and possessor of different sciences. His book “Hidaya” became the most famous book in Hanafi Madhab such as he is known as Sahib-e-Hidaya. Al-Dhahabi in Tadhkirat al Huffaz mentioned him as the one filled with knowledge. There was no one like him in his times.
Al-Marghinani was a prolific writer and wrote numerous books. Some of them are
1. Bidayatul Mubtadi : The work is chosen from Jami’ al-Saghir and al-Quduri.
2. Kifayatul Muntaha : long commentary on Bidayatul Mubtadi in 80 volumes.
3. Kitab al-Muntaqa
4. Kitab at-Tajniis Wa al-Mazid
5. Kitab al-Manasik al Hajj
6. Nashrul Madhahib
7. Mukhtarat an-Nawazil
8. Faraid al-‘Uthmani
- Mulla Ali Qari رحمة الله عليه
Imam Ali who is well known as Mulla Ali Al-Qari is one of the great Hanafi masters of hadith and Imams of fiqh, Qur’anic commentary, language, history and tasawwuf. He authored several great commentaries such as al-Mirqat on Mishkat al-masabih in several volumes, a two-volume commentary on Qadi `Iyad’s al-Shifa’, and a two-volume commentary on Ghazali’s abridgment of the Ihya entitled `Ayn al-`ilm wa zayn al-hilm (The spring of knowledge and the adornment of understanding). His book of prophetic invocations, al-Hizb al-a`zam (The supreme daily dhikr) forms the basis of Imam al-Jazuli’s celebrated manual of dhikr, Dala’il al-khayrat, which along with the Qur’an is recited daily by many pious Muslims around the world.
He writes in the foreword to his commentary on Ghazali: I wrote this commentary on the abridgment of Ihya’ `ulum al-din by the Proof of Islam and the Confirmation of Creatures hoping to receive some of the outpouring of blessings from the words of the most pure knowers of Allah, and to benefit from the gifts that exude from the pages of the Shaykhs and the Saints, so that I may be mentioned in their number and be raised in their throng, even if I fell short in their following and their service, for I rely on my love for them and content myself with my longing for them … read more
- Imam Hasan Shurunbulali رحمة الله عليه
His name is Hasan ibn Ammar Abu-Al-Ikhlas Almisry Al-Wafaee Al-Shurunbulali. He was born in 994 AH/1580 C. He was one of the greatest jurist of his time, regarded as the most brilliant and person of knowledge. He became a master of jurisprodence at the hands of Abdullah al-Nahriri and Muhammad as-Mahdy. Imam Shurunbulali studied in the Azhar in Cairo, also taught there. He belongs to a town known as Shabri Bululah. His father braught him to Cairo when he was 6, so he grew up there in educational atmospehre of Al-Azhar, and became a source of great benefit for others. Other scholars, such as al-Mahby said about him “He was the lamp and luminous shine of al-Azhar”. He learned on Shaikh Abdullah Al-Nahriri, Shaikh Mahby, and Shaikh Ali Ibn Ghanim Al-Muqaddasi. And learned upon him many scholars such as: Allama Ahmad Al-Ajmi, Al-Sayyid Ahmad Al-Hamawi, Allama Ismael Al-Nabulsi and others. The Imam was a possessor of high moral qualities and an eloquence in the Arabic language. He was an individual who abstained from anything which resembled foulness and grasped to the religion of Allah. He authored a number of books for the benefit of the people such as: Sharh Al-Mandhuma Ibn Wahban consisting of two volumes. Nur al-Idah and Najatul Arwah, that is, this book. Tufatul Akmal. Hashia ala Kitab ad-Durar wal-Ghurar. Maraqi Al-Falaah commentry on Nur al_idaah Maraqi-Al-Sa’aadah. He passed away on Friday after Asr during Ramadan 1069 AH at the age of 75 years.
- Imam Ahmed Raza Khan رحمة الله عليه
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan was born on Monday, the 10th of Shawaal 1272 A.H. (14th June 1856), in the city of Bareilly India. The name that was given to him at birth was the beautiful name of “Mohammed.” The name corresponding to that year of his birth was “Al Mukhtaar.” His grandfather, also gave the beautiful name of “Ahmed Raza.” It was by this name that he was famously known. Much later in his life, A’la Hadrat added the title “Abdul Mustafa” to his name signifying his great love and respect for Sayyiduna Rasulullah (Peace be upon him).
Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Al-Qaderi, was the son of Allamah Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan, who was the son of Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan. The great forefathers of A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) migrated from Qandhar (Kabul) during the Mogul rule and settled in Lahore. Later on they settled in Bareilly a famous city of north India. A’la Hadrat’s grandfather Allamah Mawlana Raza Ali Khan was born in the year 1224 A.H. He was also a great warrior and fought with General Bakht Khan against English invaders in the year 1834. He passed away in the month of Jamaadi-ul-Awwal in the year 1282 A.H. (1866). A’la Hadrat (radi Allahu anhu) was at this time only 10 years old. … read more
- Allama Amjad Ali Azmi رحمة الله عليه
Allama Muhammad Amjad Ali Azmi was amongst one of the most prominent and illustrious personalities of India. He was the greatest Jurist of his era in the Indian sub-continent. He is known as Sadrush- Shariah in the sub-continent. He was born in Ghosi, a known town of Azamgarh in India. His father and grandfather both were renowned scholars in Religious theology and expert specialists in Unani medicine. He received his higher education at the Madrassa Hanafiya in Jaunpur. From Allama Hidayatullah Rampuri. After graduating from Jaunpur he travelled to Madrasatul Hadieth Pileebheet, and learnt there Islamic Juresprudence and Hadieth, and achieved his authority of Hadieth from prominent Shaikh of the time Allama Wasi Ahmed Muhaddithe Surati.
After graduating and acquiring his degree, he was immediately engaged as the Principal of Madrassa Ahl-e-Sunnat which was one of the most reputable Madrassas in Patna, Bihar. He then journeyed to Lucknow where he studied ‘Ilm-ut-Tibb’ for two years. After completion of this course, he returned home and commenced serving the people by starting a clinic. His clinic began to progress successfully. When Huzoor Muhadith-e-Surati heard that Sadrush Shariah had started practicing and had opened a clinic for this purpose, he became very sad. At this time, A’la Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan required the services of a teacher at the Darul-Uloom Manzar-e- Islam. Sadrush Shariah then left his clinic and proceeded to Bareilly. At Bareilly, he first served as a teacher … read more
- Allama Mustafa Raza Khan رحمة الله عليه
Allama Mustafa Raza Khan, commonly known among the Muslims of the Indian sub-continent as “Mufti-e-Azam Hind” was born in Bareilly (India) in 1892. His father, Moulana Ahmed Raza Khan (1856 – 1921) and grandfather, Moulana Naqi Ali Khan (d. 1880), were recognised as great scholars of Islam in Islamic academic circles all over the world.
Educational Background: He was born into a scholarly atmosphere. Moulana Mustapha Raza Khan completed his religious education under the guidance of his learned father as well as other great Ulema. He was well versed in more than twenty branches of oriental learning, including Tafseer, Hadith, Fiqh, Sarf, Nahv, Tajweed, Balghat, Tasawwuf, Mantiq, Seerah, Tareekh, Kalam, Aqa’id, Reyazvi, Touqeet, Jafar and Hayat.
He was a Shaikh of the Qadriya order. His own spiritual guide, Shaik Shah Abul Hussain Noori (1839-1906) of Mahrehra Shareef (India) was a great Sufi and spiritual guide. It is estimated that nearly ten million Muslims received spiritual guidance from Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hind.He visited Haramain Shareefain three times. During his two pilgrimages in 1905 and 1945, photographs were not introduced for the Haj journey. But on his last visit in 1971, although visa and passport photographs were introduced, he was given special permission to travel to Saudi Arabia without providing his photograph for passport or visa by the governments of India and Saudi Arabia. This event showed the strict adherence of Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hind to the Shariah … read more
- Mufti Muhammad Waqaruddin رحمة الله عليه
He was born on 14th of Safarul Muzaffar 1333 Ah/ 15 January 1915 AC in Pilibheet India, he received his education in Fiqh and Hadeith from Sadrush Sharia. He had the honor to take the oath of allegiance (the Bayat) to Hujjatul Islam Hazrat Hamid Raza Kahn, and reiceived Khilafat from Mufti Azam Hind Allama Musrafa Raza Khan. Allama Sardar Ahmad Muhaddithe Azam Pakistan is among his teachers whereas Allama Abdul Mustafa Al-Azhari was among his contemporaries. He is known as Mufti Azam Pakistan.
Mufti Muhammad Waqqaruddin studied from four great Scholars in Manzare Islam Bareily Shareef which include:1. Sadrush e Shariah Maulana Amjad ali aazmi 2. Mohaddis e Aazam Pakistan Maulana Sardar Ahmad QadiriAfter some times, Sadrush e Shariah left Bareily Shareef and headed towards a village in Zilla Ali Garh “Dadoon”. His Eminence Mufti Sahib also left for a while to continue with the further education. For three years they stayed in the company of Huzoor Sadrush e Shariah and completed the religious education and then started a Dowra e Hadees. In the Dowara e hadees other students included were Allama Abdul Mustafa azhari, Maulana Mustafa Ali and Maulana Khaleel … read more
- Mufti Jalaluddin Amjadi رحمة الله عليه
Mufti Jalaluddin Ahmad Amjadi is a well-known jurist of the last century in India, and known as Faqeeh-e-Millat.
He was born 1352 AH /1933 AC in Ujha ganj Basti (India)
He studied from Allama Arshadul Qadri
His forefathers were from Rajput family, one of them Murad Singh converted to Islam and named as Murad Ali. His father Jan Muhammad was a pious man, and was appointed as Imam to lead five times prayers and Friday prayer as well without any pay. Mufti Jalaluddin memorized Holy Quran at the age of ten, and received his basic education in his own area, then after India gor freedom from Birtish Empire he journeyed to Nagpur, where he began working (to earn money for supporting his father) in the day time and learning religious education from Allama Arshadul Qadri after sunset till midnight… read more
Imam Abu Hanifah رحمة الله عليه×
Imam Shafi`i رحمة الله عليه×
Imam Malik رحمة الله عليه×
Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal رحمة الله عليه×
Imam Abu Yusuf رحمة الله عليه×
Imam Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani رحمة الله عليه×
Imam Ameen Ibn Abideen Al-shaami رحمة الله عليه×
Imam Burhanuddin Marghinani Al-Marghinani رحمة الله عليه×
Mulla `Ali al-Qari رحمة الله عليه×
Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Al-Qaderi رحمة الله عليه×
Sadrush Shariah Allama Amjad Ali Azmi رحمة الله عليه×
Allama Mustafa Raza Khan رحمة الله عليه×
Mufti Muhammad Waqaruddin رحمة الله عليه×
Mufti Jalaluddin Amjadi رحمة الله عليه×