Belief: A Nabi refers to that human upon whom Allah sent down Wahi (revelation) for the purpose of guidance. A Rasool is not only specific to humans, as there are Angels as well who are Rasools.
Belief: All Nabis were human and men. Neither was any Jin nor any woman a Nabi.
Belief: Almighty Allah is not obligated to send Prophets. Through His Grace, He sent down Prophets for the guidance of the people.
Belief: It is necessary for revelation to descend upon a Nabi, be this through an Angel or without any means.
Belief: Almighty Allah revealed many scriptures (Sahifas) and Heavenly Books to numerous Nabis. Four from amongst them are very prominent: The Taurat, which was revealed to Hazrat Musa عليه السلام, The Zaboor, which was revealed to Hazrat Dawood عليه السلام, The Injeel, which was revealed to Hazrat Esa عليه السلام, and the most exalted Book, The Holy Qur’an, which was revealed upon the most exalted Prophet, Hazrat Ahmad-e-Mujtaba Muhammad Mustafa عليه السلام. All the Books of Allah are equally regarded as His Divine Word and there is no question of one being superior to the other except in the sense of one being a means of greater reward than the other. Allah is One and His Word is One. There is no room for more or less exalted in His Kalaam, as His Kalaam (Divine Word) is Qadeem.
Belief: All the Heavenly books and scriptures are Haq (True) and all are the ‘Word of Allah’. It is necessary to bring Imaan in everything which has been mentioned in them. However, it must be noted that Almighty Allah entrusted the past books to the followers (Ummah) of that time but they were not able to preserve or memorise it. The Word of Allah did not remain with them in the original form as it had been revealed to them because the mischievous ones amongst them altered these books, making changes, additions and deletions to suit their own desires. This is known as Tahreef. Thus, if anything from these books are presented to us and we find that it is in conformity with the Qur’an, then we should acknowledge it and if it is contrary to the Qur’an, then we should know for certain that it is one of those things which were altered. If we are unable to establish whether it is in conformity with the Qur’an or contrary, then we should neither reject nor acknowledge it but we should say:
Belief: As this Religion (Islam) is to remain forever, Almighty Allah has taken upon Himself the responsibility of protecting and preserving the Qur’an. Almighty Allah says:
It is thus Muhaal (totally and absolutely impossible) to change even a single alphabet or dot in the Holy Qur’an. Even if all the people in the world come together with the intention of altering it, they will not be able to do so. Thus, anyone who says that any Chapter, Verse, Surah or even a single alphabet of the Holy Qur’an has been altered added or deleted; is undoubtedly a kaafir (unbeliever), for he has refuted the verse of the Qur’an which we have quoted above.
Belief: The Holy Qur’an is by itself testimony of it being the Word of Allah, as it clearly announces:
“And if you have any doubt in that, which We have revealed upon our (Most Chosen) servant (Muhammad .), then present a Surah like it, and summon all your helpers except Allah, to assist you if you are on the right. Subsequently, if you fail to present it; and We declare that you will fail to present it; then fear the fire whose fuel is man and stone; which has been kept ready for the unbelievers.” [Surah 2, Verse 23-24] The unbelievers tried their level best to do this but could not produce even a single verse equal to that of the Qur’an and they shall never be able to do so.
Belief: The past books were only memorized by the Ambia-e- Kiraam عليهم السلام The miracle of the Qur’an is that even little children amongst the Muslims have memorized it.
Belief: There are 7 Qirats (styles of recitation) of reciting the Holy Qur’an that are well known and continuous. (Allah Forbid) There is no difference in the actual meaning of the Qur’an when reciting any one of the 7 styles. All of them are correct. The uncomplicated way for the Ummah, is for each to recite in the style which is most convenient for him. The ruling is that the style of recitation that is most prominent in a particular country is the style that should be recited in the gathering of the people there. Like in India (and many other countries) the Qir’at of Aasim on the narration of Hafs is recited. This should be done so that due to ignorance, the common people do not commit kufr by rejecting another style, which they have no knowledge of.
Belief: The Holy Qur’an has rendered many verses of the other books inapplicable. Likewise, some verses of the Qur’an make other verses of the Qur’an Mansookh (inapplicable).
Belief: Naskh (to become inapplicable) refers to certain verses which are applicable for a certain duration only, but it is not evidently mentioned that these verses only apply for that particular duration. When the stipulated duration elapses, then another command is revealed, from which it apparently seems that the earlier command has become inapplicable. However, in reality if it is carefully examined, then it becomes evident that what it really shows is that the duration for that particular command has elapsed. Some people interpret Mansookh (inapplicable) to mean nullified. This is absolutely incorrect and extremely prohibited. All of Allah’s Commands are Haq (True) and always valid, and there is no question of any of them being nullified.
Belief: Some of the references in the Qur’an are Muhkam (i.e. They are clear and well understood) whereas there are other references in the Holy Qur’an which are Mutashabeh (i.e. not so clear and not
understandable). The true meanings regarding these are only known to Allah and Allah’s Rasool .. To seek out Mutashabeh references in the Holy Qur’an and to try to decipher them is the way of a person
who has scepticism in his heart.
Belief: The Wahi-e-Nabuwat (Divine Revelation that descends on Prophets) is only unique to Nabis. To assign this uniqueness to any non Nabi causes one to become an unbeliever. Even that which is revealed to a Nabi in his dream is regarded as Wahi (Divine Revelation) and it can never be untrue. The things which are inspired upon the heart of a Wali (saintly personality), either in his dream or whilst he is awake, is known as Ilhaam. The wahi-eshaitaan (evil whispering of the shaitaan) occurs to those with evil schemes, such as the soothsayers, conjurers and other unbelievers and open sinners.
Belief: Nabuwat (Prophethood) is not Kasbi, i.e. it is not something that can be acquired through self effort and striving in worship. This is something which Almighty Allah by His Grace bestows upon whom He Wills. Verily, He has bestowed it to those whom He has made worthy of this unique position. They are pure from all undesirable qualities and blessed with all the most exalted qualities and character traits even before being blessed with Nabuwat. They have already surpassed the many levels of Wilaayat. His ancestry, lineage, body, words, actions and practices are free from anything which is abominable and undesirable. They are blessed with great wisdom and perfectly incomparable intelligence, which surpasses the intelligence of all others. The intelligence of any intellectual or
philosopher cannot even come close to a hundred thousandth fraction of their intelligence.
One who accepts Nabuiwat to be Kasbi, meaning that one who believes that a person can acquire Nabuwat by his self effort and striving in worship, is a kaafir (unbeliever).
Belief: One, who believes that a Nabi can lose his Nabuiwat (Station of Prophethood), is a kaafir.
Belief: It is essential for a Nabi to be ‘Maasum’ (absolutely free from the ability to sin). This is a unique quality which has only been afforded to Nabis and Angels. With the exception of a Nabi and Angel, none other can be regarded as being Maasum. Those who consider the Imams to be Maasum like the Ambia-e-Kiraamعليهم السلام are injudicious and misguided. Ismat-e-Ambia means that the Ambia عليهم السلام have been promised protection by Allah, due to which, it is Muhaal, i.e. absolutely impossible in the light of the Shariat, for them to sin. With regards to the Great Imams and the Awliyah Allah, the unlikeness is that even though Allah protects them from sinning, and thus they do not sin; but according to the Shariat, if it does occur then it is not something which is considered to be Muhaal. The Ambia عليهم السلامare free from shirk (polytheism), kufr (committing infidelity), and from all such disreputable and vile practices and qualities which are the cause of abhorrence to the people; such as lies and deceit, breach of trust, ignorance and all other opprobrious qualities. They are also free from all such actions that are contrary to the traits of dignity and politeness. It is unanimously accepted that they are free from all of these (and like things) even before and after being bestowed with Nabuiwat. They are also absolutely Maasoom1 from committing Kaba’ir (major sins). The reality is that they are Maasoom from even intending to commit even Sagha’ir (minor sins) even before and after being bestowed with Nabuwat.
Belief: The Ambia عليهم السلامhave delivered all the commandments which Allah revealed upon them for the people. Any person, who says that any Nabi did not pass down any commandment of Allah due to fear or any other reason, is a kaafir.
Belief: It is absolutely impossible for Nabis عليهم السلامto make any error in propagating and delivering the commandments of Allah.
Belief: It is essential for the bodies of the Ambia عليهم السلام to be free from illnesses, such as leprosy, leucoderma and all other illnesses that cause abhorrence.
Knowledge of the Unseen for Ambia:
Belief: Almighty Allah has bestowed the Ambia عليه السلام with Ilm-e- Ghaib, i.e. Knowledge of the Unseen. Every atom in the sky and earth is before the sight of every Nabi. The knowledge of the unseen which Nabis possess is that which has been bestowed upon them by Almighty Allah. Thus, their knowledge is known as Ilm-e-Ataa’i (knowledge which has been bestowed upon them by Allah) and Ilme- Ataa’i is Muhaal for Allah, as none of His Divine Attributes or Divine Splendours are given to Him by any but they are all Zaati (His Self Attributes and Splendours). This verse of the Holy Qur’an is applicable to those who reject knowledge of the unseen for the Ambia عليهم السلام, especially for the Sayyidul Ambia .,
“So they do believe in some commands of Allah, and reject some (commands of Allah)” [Surah 2, Verse 85] In other words, they accept some verses of the Qur’an and reject the verses of the Holy Qur’an which explain knowledge of the unseen possessed by the Ambia عليهم السلامwhereas all the verses regarding Ilme- Ghaib, be they the ones supporting or negating it are Haq. The verses which say that Almighty Allah alone has knowledge of the unseen, refers to Ilm-e-Zaati (His Self Knowledge) and this is only for Allah, and the verses which refer to the Ilm-e-Ghaib for the Prophets, refers to Ilm-e-Ataa’i (Knowledge which Allah has bestowed upon them) and this is befitting their excellence. To say that by accepting that the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم is aware of every particle is to equate his knowledge to that of Allah, is a totally baseless argument, as it will only be regarded as equating it to the Divine Knowledge of Allah if we say that the Prophet has the same knowledge as Allah (Allah Forbid), and none will say this except for an unbeliever. Every atom in the universe will come to an end and the Knowledge of Allah is never ending, if not, it would prove ignorance and ignorance for Allah is Muhaal (absolutely impossible), as Allah is free from ignorance. So, even after presenting an explanation in regards to the distinction between Zaati and Ataa’i, if one still insists on arguing that to accept knowledge of the unseen for the Prophets is to equate their knowledge to the knowledge of Allah; then it must be said that this is clearly contrary to Imaan and Islam because to accept that even though this distinction exists, there will still be equating of (the knowledge of Allah and the Prophets), will make it necessary to say that ‘Mumkin’ and ‘Waajib ul Wajood’ will (Allah Forbid) be regarded as being equivalent, because that which is ‘Mumkin’ is also in existence and the ‘Waajib’ is also existing; whereas to say anything to be equal in ‘Wajood’ (Divine
Compulsory Existence of Allah), is clear ‘kufr’ (unbelief) and obvious ‘shirk’ (polytheism).
The Ambia-e-Kiraam عليهم السلامcome to inform us of the unseen. If Heaven, Hell, The Last Day, Resurrection, Chastisement and Reward are not of the unseen then what are they? Actually, their excellence and their real mission is to inform and explain to us those things which the mind and thinking cannot even reach or decipher. It is this which is called Ghaib (Unseen). Even, the Awliyah Allah are blessed with knowledge of the unseen but this too is Ataa’i and has been awarded to them through the blessing of the Prophets.
Belief: The Ambia عليهم السلامare more superior to all the creation including to the Rusul-e-Mala’ika. No matter how exalted a Wali may be, he can never be equal to a Nabi. One who says any non Nabi to be more superior or even equal to any Nabi, is a kaafir (unbeliever).
Belief: To respect a Nabi is “Fard-e-Ain”. In actuality it is the reality (i.e. essence) of all Fard. The slightest disrespect and disregard of a Nabi or falsification of the word of any Nabi renders one an unbeliever.
Belief: Almighty Allah sent down many Nabis, from Hazrat Adam up to our Nabi Sayyid-e-Aalam Hazrat Muhammad عليه السلام. Some of them have been mentioned clearly in the Holy Qur’an whilst others have not. The names of the Nabis clearly mentioned in the Qur’an are:
1. Hazrat Adam 2. Hazrat Ishaaq 3. Hazrat Yusuf 4. Hazrat Harun 5. Hazrat Lut 6. Hazrat Dawud 7. Hazrat Ayub 8. Hazrat Yahya 9. Hazrat Ilyas 10. Hazrat Yunus 11. Hazrat Zul Kifl 12. Hazrat Nuh 13. Hazrat Ibrahim 14. Hazrat Isma’eel 15. Hazrat Ya’qub 16. Hazrat Musa 17. Hazrat Shu’aib 18. Hazrat Hud 19. Hazrat Sulaiman 20. Hazrat Zakariyah 21. Hazrat Esa 22. Hazrat Al Yas’a 23. Hazrat Idris 24. Hazrat Saleh
25. Sayyidul Mursaleen Hazrat Muhammad Rasoolullah . عليهم السلام
Belief: Almighty Allah created Hazrat Adam without a mother or father from sand (dust). Allah appointed him as His Khalifa (Representative/Envoy) and blessed him with the knowledge of the names and of all things. Almighty Allah commanded the Angels to go down in Sajdah (prostrate) to Adam. All obeyed this command except shaitaan who was from the fraternity of Jin, and a great worshiper and was thus counted amongst the Angels but he refused to prostrate, and became cursed forever.
Belief: Man did not exist before the creation of Hazrat Adam . All humans are the offspring of Hazrat Adam . It is for this reason that humans are referred to as ‘Adami’, in other words ‘The Children of Adam’, and Hazrat Adam عليه السلام is known as ‘Abul Bashr’ meaning, ‘Father of all Mankind’.
Belief: The first Nabi to come to earth was Hazrat Adam and the first Rasool to be sent towards the unbelievers was Hazrat Nuh . He propagated the truth and imparted guidance for 950 years. The
unbelievers of his era were very hostile and obstinate. They caused him much discomfort and mocked at him. Only a small number of people became believers in such a long period of time. When he saw that the rest of them were obstinate and refused to accept the true faith, he prayed to Almighty Allah for their destruction. A great flood came upon them and the entire earth was submerged under water. Only the believers and a pair of all animals which were taken into the Ark survived the great flood.
Belief: It is not permitted to assign an actual figure specifying the number of Ambia عليهم السلام since there are varying narrations in this regard. Specifying and setting a fixed number could cause one to have Imaan in one less Nabi or to regard a non Nabi a Nabi, both of these beliefs lead to kufr. We should thus hold the belief that we believe in every Nabi of Allah.
Belief: The Nabis have been blessed with different levels of excellence. Some have been blessed with special excellence over others. The most exalted amongst them all is our beloved Prophet Sayyidul Mursaleen (The Leader of the Prophets) عليه السلام. After Huzoor عليه السلام the greatest excellence has been afforded to Hazrat Ibrahim , followed by Hazrat Musa , Hazrat Esa and then Hazrat Nuh عليهم السلام. These Prophets are known as the “Mursaleen ulul Azm” (The most superior amongst Prophets). The above mentioned five Nabis are more exalted than all the other Prophets, humans, Angels, Jins and the entire creation. Just as the beloved Prophet عليه السلام is the greatest amongst all the Prophets, it must be said without comparison, that the Ummah of the beloved Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم by virtue of his . blessing is the greatest of all Ummahs (nations).
Belief: All the Ambia عليهم السلام have been blessed with a dignified status and a special honour in the Court of Almighty Allah. To compare them (Allah Forbid) to the status of cobblers in the Court of
Allah is open blasphemy and a statement that is kufr.
Belief: One of the proofs of a Nabi’s claim of Nabuwat being legitimate is that a Nabi publicly announces his true claim of Nabuwat thereby taking the responsibility of performing actions which are generally contrary to their natural happenings and therefore impossible for any ordinary person to perform. With this, he challenges the unbelievers to perform a miraculous action like his. On the basis of his claim, Almighty Allah brings forth that extraordinary and miraculous phenomenon causing the unbelievers to be rendered powerless and incapable of challenging his claim. This is called a Mu’jaza. Examples of this is the she-camel of Hazrat Saleh عليه السلام; the Staff (Asa) of Hazrat Musa عليه السلام and the amazing glow in his hand; The power of Hazrat Esa عليه السلام in bringing the dead back to life and curing the leper and those born blind. The Mu’jazaat (marvelous miracles) of our Prophet عليه السلام are abundant.
Belief: Any person who is not a Nabi but falsely claims to be a Nabi can never make anything to occur which is contrary to its natural happening, in order to support his false claim, otherwise there
would be no distinction between truth and falsehood. Beneficial note: The miracles performed by a Nabi before Nabuiwat are called “Irhas” (premonition). The miraculous action performed by a Wali (saintly personality) is called Karaamat (supernatural ability). When such a miraculous action is evident from an ordinary believer, it is called “Ma’unat”. The abnormal things performed by transgressors and unbelievers in accordance with what they say, it is called “Istidraj” (deception). If this occurrence is contrary to what they say, it is called “Ihaanat” (offence).
Belief: The Ambia عليهم السلام are certainly alive in their respective graves like they were alive whilst on earth. They eat, drink and travel as they wish. Death only overtook them for a mere moment, in order to fulfill the promise of Allah and they were then brought back to life again as before. Their lives are even more exalted than the lives of the Shuhada (martyrs). In this sense, the estate of a shaheed (martyr) will be distributed amongst his heirs, and his wife is permitted to remarry afterwards but this is not so in the case of the Prophets, as these things are not permissible in regards to them.
Whatever we have discussed above is general to all the Ambia-e- Kiraam .عليهم السلام We will now discuss some of the ‘Khasa’is’ ‘Unique Attributes’ of the beloved Prophet Muhammad عليه السلام.
Belief: Whilst the other Ambia عليهم السلام were sent down towards specific nations, Rasoolullah عليه السلام was sent towards the entire creation. He عليه السلام was sent towards the humans and Jins but in reality He عليه السلامwas even sent towards the Angels, the entire animal kingdom and towards inanimate beings as well. Just as it is Fard upon humans to obey the Prophet عليه السلام, obedience to Him عليه السلام is also Fard upon the entire creation.
Belief: The Prophet عليه السلام is Mercy unto the humans, Angels, Jins, Hurs (maidens of Jannat), Ghilman (servants of Jannat), animals and all the creation of Almighty Allah, and he is most merciful upon the Muslims.
Belief: The Prophet عليه السلام is ‘Khaatamun Nabiyeen’ meaning that he is the ‘Seal of all Prophets’. Almighty Allah has closed the doors of Prophethood after the beloved Prophet عليه السلام and no new Nabi can come, either in the era of the Prophet عليه السلام or after his era. Anyone who believes or says it permissible for someone else to be conferred with Nabuwat, either in the era of the Prophet عليه السلام or after his blessed era, is regarded a kaafir (unbeliever).
Belief: Huzoor عليه السلام is the greatest and most exalted of all Allah’s creation. All the splendors and marvels that have been individually bestowed upon other Prophets have been unified in the Holy Prophet. With the exception of these, the Holy Prophet has been blessed with many such splendors and marvels that are only unique to him. Actually all those who received any such marvels and splendors, have received them through the blessing of the beloved Nabi عليه السلام but in actual fact they have received it through the blessed hands of the Prophet عليه السلام. In reality all these splendors have been only recognised as splendors because of being attributed to the beloved Prophet عليه السلام. By the Grace of Almighty Allah, the Prophet عليه السلام is totally perfect in every respect of his being. Huzoor عليه السلام Being perfect is not due to any quality or attribute but the splendor is only regarded a splendor because it is a quality of the most perfect and splendid personality Hazrat Muhammad عليه السلام. It is for this reason that it became so splendid and complete. So splendid it has become that whomsoever possesses it, is regarded as a splendid person.
Belief: It is Muhaal (absolutely impossible) for any person to be equal to the Prophet عليه السلام. Anyone who regards any other person to be equal to Huzoor عليه السلام in any one of his unique attributes is either misguided or an unbeliever.
Belief: Allah has blessed the Holy Prophet عليه السلام with the unique excellence of being His closest and most beloved. The entire creation wishes for closeness to Almighty Allah and desire His pleasure, and Almighty Allah Wills the pleasure of the beloved Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم.